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Chrysanthemum

Cool-season flowers bring rich palette of color to your autumn garden right when you need it most. Make sure to plant fall bloomers and establish them in your garden earlier in the season. Usually, plants that bloom in late summer and fall are tough, drought tolerant and many of them grow tall and stately.

Here is our collection of fall-blooming flowers:

1. Chrysanthemum

Common Name(s): Mums, Garden Mums, Hardy Mums, Chrysanths
Bloom Season: Late summer to fall
Exposure: They can handle partial shade, but the best blooms will be in full sun
Frost Tolerance: Tolerant

The name “chrysanthemum” is derived from the Greek words chrysos (gold) and anthemon (flower). Chrysanthemums or ‘Mums’ are a stalwart of the autumn garden. There are countless horticultural varieties and cultivars. Chrysanthemums are divided into two basic groups, garden hardy and exhibition. Garden hardy mums are new perennials capable of wintering in most northern latitudes. Exhibition varieties are not usually as sturdy.

Interesting Facts And Uses Of Marigolds Or Calendula

2. Calendula

Common Name: Calendula, Pot Marigold
Bloom Season: Summer to fall
Exposure: They can tolerate full sun to partial shade
Frost Tolerance: Tolerant

The name calendula is a modern Latin diminutive of calendae, meaning “little calendar”, “little clock” or possibly “little weather-glass”. Calendula blooms in shades of gold, red, and yellow. Read Interesting Facts And Uses Of Marigolds Or Calendula

The Difference Between Calendula and French Marigold (Tagetes)

3. Tagetes or Marigold

Common Name: Marigold (Tagetes)
Bloom Season: Late spring to fall
Exposure: They can tolerate full sun to partial shade
Frost Tolerance: Moderate

Tagetes is a genus of annual or perennial, mostly herbaceous plants in the sunflower family (Asteraceae or Compositae). Marigold blooms naturally occur in golden, orange, yellow, and white colors, often with maroon highlights. Depending on the species, Tagetes grow well in almost any sort of soil. Most horticultural selections grow best in soil with good drainage.

Aster Amellus

4. Aster

Common Name: Aster, Michaelmas Daisy, September Flower
Bloom Season: Summer to early fall
Exposure: They prefer full sun
Frost Tolerance: Moderate

The genus name (Aster) comes from the Greek and means “star-shaped flower.” Aster is a perennial which blooms in white, violet, blue, and pink. Aster needs to be pinched early in the season, to produce bushy plants and fall blooming.

For a stunning fall show, plant them in front of purple blooming Mexican bush sage or yellow blooming Mexican mint marigold.

Snapdragons

5. Antirrhinum or Snapdragon

Common Name: Snapdragon, Dragon Flowers
Bloom Season: Spring to early summer
Exposure: They will tolerate full sun to partial shade
Frost Tolerance: Very tolerant

Dragon flowers resemble the face of a dragon that opens and closes its mouth when laterally squeezed. Snapdragon is an annual and among the best flowers for borders and cuttings. They’ll bloom all winter in mild-winter climates. (In cold climates, plant in spring.) Flowers come in many colors: lavender, orange, pink, red, yellow, or white.

Gazania or Treasure Flowerphoto by plugaplant.com

6. Gazania or Treasure Flower
Common Name: Treasure Flower, Gazania, Coastal Gazania
Bloom Season: Late spring to fall
Exposure: They prefer full sun
Frost Tolerance: Moderate

Treasure flower is a half hardy perennial commonly grown as a half hardy annual by gardeners. Although they’re drought resistant, expect more and bigger blooms when you water. When in bloom Gazania are reminiscent of daisies and flowers may be pink, red, yellow or orange; some Gazania species have very attractive striped petals.

Propagate Treasure Flowers by taking cuttings from towards the bottom of the plants at the end of summer.

Dianthus

7. Dianthus

Common Name: Carnation (D. caryophyllus), Pink (D. plumarius and related species) and Sweet William (D. barbatus)
Bloom Season: Spring and fall
Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Frost Tolerance: Very Tolerant

The name Dianthus is from the Greek words Dios (“of Zeus”) and Anthos (“flower”). Dianthus species have been extensively bred and hybridised to produce many thousands of cultivars for garden use and floristry, in all shades of white, pink, yellow and red, with a huge variety of flower shapes and markings.

Dianthus is characterized by the spicy fragrance the blooms emit. Dianthus plants may be found as a hardy annual, biennial or perennial and most often used in borders or potted displays. Water the plants when dry and apply fertilizer every six to eight weeks. So easy!

Pansies and Violas

8. Pansies and Violas

Common Name: The garden pansy – Pansy, Viola and Violet, and the wild pansy – Love-in-idleness, Heartsease, Heart’s Ease, John Of My Pink, Paunce, Pance, Viola tricolor, Tickle-my-fancy, Jack-jump-up-and-kiss-me, Come-and-cuddle-me, Three faces in a hood
Bloom Season: Early spring, fall, and winter
Exposure: Full sun before the trees are fully leafed out and dappled shade during the summer
Frost Tolerance: Very tolerant

What is the difference between pansies and violas? Well, pansies have four petals pointing upwards, and only one pointing down, and violas have three petals pointing up and two pointing down. 🙂

Modern horticulturalists tend to use the term “pansy” for those multi-colored large-flowered hybrids that are grown for bedding purposes every year, while “viola” is usually reserved for smaller, more delicate annuals and perennials.

The name “pansy” is derived from the French word pensée, “thought”, and was brought into Late Middle English as a name of Viola in the mid-15th century, as the flower was regarded as a symbol of remembrance.

The name “love in idleness” was meant to imply the image of a lover who has little or no other employment than to think of his beloved.

The name “heart’s-ease” came from St. Euphrasia (a Constantinopolitan nun who was venerated after her death as a saint for her piety and example of charity), whose name in Greek signifies cheerfulness of mind. The woman, who refused marriage and took the veil, was considered a pattern of humility, hence the name “humble violet”. (wikipedia.org)

Garden pansies and violas are cool-season perennials, but normally grown as biennials or annuals because of their leggy growth. They bloom in yellow, gold, orange, purple, violet, red, white, and even near-black (very dark purple). As soon as the flowers fade, nip them off.

Pansy and viola flowers follow the sun – or, on dull days, they follow the best light. Plant them where you look at them with the sun or light behind you – then their flowers will face you.

Heliopsis - Perennial Sunflower
photo by labouroflovelandscaping.com

9. Helianthus

Common Name: Perennial Sunflower
Bloom Season: End of summer through fall
Exposure: They will bloom best in full sun, although they can handle partial shade
Frost Tolerance: Tolerant

The genus Helianthus includes the much loved annual sunflower, Helianthus annuus, as well as several perennial species that make great, long-blooming garden plants. The brilliant gold fluffy daisy-like flowers are smaller than their annual cousins, but they are profuse and long lasting. Daisy-like yellow and gold flowers with center disks will vary slightly from species to species. There are single and double flowering varieties.

And which flowers do you plant for your fall garden?

And which flowers do you plant for your fall garden? Please share in the comments below!

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