Geography of Israel
Israel is considered one large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 20,770 km² (about 8,019 mi²). The continental shelf of Israel is approximately 3,745 km² (approximately 1,446 mi²). Israel is in Asia. Asia is the largest and most populous continent on earth. Asian countries include Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea, among others. Israel has 5 neighboring countries. Its neighbors are Egypt, Palestinian Territories, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria. Israel is not a landlocked country. It means it is bounded by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Israel is 508 m (1,667 ft).
The total length of Israel’s land borders is 1068 kilometers (~412 miles). Israel has 6 unique land borders with neighboring territories and shares land borders with 5 different countries. Israel has 1 non-contiguous segment of land borders. This happens when a country has a border with a neighbor and that border is divided by a border with another neighbor. Israel has 5 neighboring countries. Its neighbors include Egypt, the Palestinian Territories, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. The lengths of Israel’s land borders with its neighboring countries are as follows:
Egypt – 266 km (165 miles),
Palestinian Territories – 307 km (191 mi),
Jordan – 238 km (148 miles),
Lebanon – 79 km (49 miles),
Syria – 76 km (47 miles).
The capital of Israel is Jerusalem (de facto declared). The largest cities in Israel are Jerusalem, Tel Aviv.
The average elevation range of Israel is 508 m (1,667 ft). The highest point in Israel is Mount Meron with an official elevation of 1208 m (3,963 ft). The lowest point in Israel is the Dead Sea. It is at -428 m (-1,404 ft), i.e. below sea level. The difference in elevation between the highest (Mount Meron) and lowest (Dead Sea) points in Israel is 1636 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Israel is 20,770 km² (about 8,019 mi²). and the total Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is 26,352 km² (~10,175 mi²). The continental shelf of Israel is approximately 3,745 km² (approximately 1,446 mi²). Including the landmass and the EEZ, the total area of Israel is approximately 47,122 km² (~18,194 mi²). Israel is considered one large nation because of its total area.
Forest and farmland
1,600 km² of Israeli territory is covered with forests, and forest land accounts for 8% of the entire country. In Israel there are 3,141 km² of arable land, which makes up 15% of the total national territory.